Certain yoga poses are thought to balance out thyroid that are either underactive or overactivate. Most of these poses are throat-stimulating. They improve circulation and energy flow around the thyroid, they stretch and strengthen the neck.
A. Supported Shoulderstand (Salamba Sarvangasana)
This is one pose suggested to treat thyroid. Since its an inversion, it stimulates blood flow to the glands in the upper body.
You can use a folded blanket or towel under your shoulders for support.
Place your shoulders on the edge of the blanket and let your head rest on the mat.
Lie flat on your back with your arms alongside your body and your palms facing down.
On your inhale, press into your arms and raise your legs up to ninety degrees.
Slowly exhale and bring your legs over your head.
Your feet can balance in the air.
Bring your hands to your lower back to support your body, keeping your fingers pointing up towards your hips.
Raise your legs straight up towards the ceiling, aim to keep your shoulders, spine and hips in one line if possible.
Keep your chin tucked into your chest and keep your neck in one position.
Release the pose slowly by bringing your legs behind your head.
Bring your arms alongside your body and slowly roll the spine down vertebrae by vertebrae lowering your legs to the floor.
Discontinue the practice if you have any discomfort.
B. Plow Pose (Halasana)
This is an easier version of shoulder stand and has the same benefits.
Lie flat on the ground, placing your hands alongside your hips with palms facing down.
Press your palms into the floor and lift your legs up, taking them behind your head.
At the same time bring your hands on your lower back to support your body.
If legs don’t reach all the way to the floor behind your head, then place a bolster or blocks or bend your knees and bring them to your forehead or just stay with your legs wherever you are comfortable.
To come out of the pose, slowly release your hands and lower down vertebrae by vertebrae.
C. Fish Pose (Matsyasana)
This is a counter pose to shoulder stand and plow pose.
Sit with legs extended in front of you.
Place your hands underneath your buttocks with palms facing down.
Slowly lean back on to your forearms and elbows.
Keep your chest lifted and drop your head behind towards the floor till where it is comfortable and stay for few breaths.
To come out, bring the chin to your chest, release your elbows and palms and lie still on your back for few breaths.
By letting the head hang back, you stimulate your thyroid.
D. Legs-Up-The-Wall Pose (ViparitaKarani)
This is a restorative inversion. If shoulder stand, plow pose or fish pose are not suitable, you can do this. It doesn’t put any pressure on the neck.
Lie on your back with the butt against the wall.
Use a folded blanket or pillow underneath your hips for support.
Lift your legs up and soften your throat as you relax your neck and chin.
Remain in this position for 20 minutes.
You can keep your legs straight up, or allow them to open wide to either side or bring your soles together by bending the knees.
Slowly push yourself away from the wall to come out.
E. Camel Pose (Ustrasana)
Come to kneeling on your knees, keep your knees, hips and shoulders in one line.
Place your hands at the base of your spine with fingers facing down and keeping your pinky fingers on the either side of your spine.
Draw the elbows in towards each other and lift your chest with your inhale.
As you exhale, slowly let your head drop back and keep pressing your thighs and hips forward.
You can hold onto your ankles if you feel strong and supported.
To come out, bring your hands back to your lower back before lifting out of the pose.
Sit on the heels and take a twist and then relax in child’s pose.
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